What is Lumbago? – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Lumbago, also known as lower back pain, refers to the sensation of having muscular aches and pains in the lower region of the back that can radiate to the hips, legs and buttocks. The lower back muscles may spasm causing an intense feeling of tightness and discomfort in this area of the body. Sometimes referred to as sciatica, lumbago can either be acute or chronic depending on the cause and its duration. An acute case of lumbago may last for just a few days, weeks or months while chronic cases could extend to years.

Lumbago – A Definition

Lumbago is a term used to describe pain that originates in the lower back. It can be caused by a number of things, including muscle strain, degenerative disc disease, spinal stenosis, and herniated discs. Symptoms include pain that radiates into the buttocks and legs, weakness in the legs, and difficulty standing or walking. Treatment options include rest, ice/heat therapy, exercises, stretching, and massage. If the pain is severe or does not improve with conservative measures, surgery may be necessary.

Types of back pain

There are many types of back pain, but one of the most debilitating is lumbago with sciatica. This type of pain usually affects the lower back and can radiate down the legs. Symptoms of lumbago can include a dull ache, sharp pain, muscle spasms, and difficulty moving. Treatment for this type of pain often includes rest, ice, heat, and over-the-counter pain relievers. In severe cases, you may need to see a doctor or physical therapist for more intensive treatment.

The most common causes of back pain

Lumbago with sciatica is the most common type of back pain. It occurs when the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back down the leg, becomes pinched or irritated. Symptoms of lumbago include a dull ache in the lower back, as well as pain that radiates down the leg. Treatment for lumbago typically includes over-the-counter pain medication, rest, and ice/heat therapy. If the pain is severe, your doctor may prescribe stronger medication or recommend physical therapy.

Common Symptoms of Lumbago

Lumbago with sciatica is a condition that causes lower back pain. The pain may radiate down the leg and into the foot. Lumbago with sciatica is caused by a number of things, including herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease. Treatment for lumbago with sciatica typically includes pain medication, physical therapy, and exercises. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the underlying problem.

Treatment of lumbago at home

Lumbago can be caused by a number of things, including bad posture, overuse, injury, or arthritis. Symptoms include pain that gets worse with movement, stiffness, and difficulty standing up straight. Treatment of lumbago at home typically involves over-the-counter pain medication, ice or heat therapy, and rest. For more severe cases, you may need to see a doctor for cortisone injections or physical therapy.

Home remedies for Lumbago

You can try a few at-home treatments to help ease your low back pain. Heat or ice applied to the area can also help relieve pain and inflammation. Try alternating between the two methods every 20 minutes or so. You can also try using a heating pad set on low or a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel. If you have chronic low back pain, you might find relief from taking regular walks or doing gentle stretching exercises.

When should you seek medical attention?

The pain may be sharp, dull, throbbing, or aching. It may be worse when you move your back or stand for long periods of time. Treatment for lumbago may include rest, ice or heat therapy, over-the-counter pain relievers, physical therapy, and massage. If the pain is severe or does not go away with home treatment, you should see your doctor. Severe pain could be a sign of kidney stones, infection, cancer, spinal cord compression, or other serious conditions. Your doctor will likely ask questions about your history of lumbago and do some exams to rule out these other causes. They may also recommend that you get imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI scans to make sure nothing else is wrong.


Your doctor might prescribe medicine if they find another cause for the pain that they are able to treat medically (such as kidney stones). They will likely prescribe medicine if there is no clear cause but they suspect chronic back problems. In some cases, surgery might be needed to correct any damage done to bones or discs in the spine.